刘晋源,吕林,高红均,李成鑫,石文超,冯智慧.促进电动汽车和清洁能源发展的充换电站-风-光-储协调规划[J].电测与仪表,2020,57(1):89-98. Liu Jinyuan,lvlin,gaohongjun,lichengxin,Shi Wenchao,FengZhihui.Charging\Swapping Station-Wind-Photovoltaic-Storage Planning to promote the development of electric vehicles and clean energies[J].Electrical Measurement & Instrumentation,2020,57(1):89-98.
Charging\Swapping Station-Wind-Photovoltaic-Storage Planning to promote the development of electric vehicles and clean energies
Under the background of the rapid development of electric vehicles(EVs) and distributed generations(DGs), combining road network and distribution network，a three-stage planning method of electric vehicle battery charge\swap station- wind-photovoltaic-storage is proposed. Firstly, the battery swap station (BSS) is planned according to the traffic flow of EVs and land price, and the service quality is fully considered. The objective function is to minimize the sum of the land cost, battery swap device cost and switching distance cost. Secondly, based on the results of battery swap station, the quantity and location of the centralized charging stations (CSs) are determined by taking the minimum sum of land cost, battery cost and transportation distance cost into consideration. Thirdly, according to the quantity and distribution of charging stations, the charging mode of centralized charging stations is mainly considered, taking into account the uncertainty and time-varying characteristics of wind-light, and the output of wind turbine generation (WTG) and photovoltaic generation (PVG) are predicted by using the random scene. The investment cost and operation cost of wind-light-storage are taken as the comprehensive optimization objective. Meanwhile, the wind-light-storage capacity and location are selected by considering the second-order cone slack flow constraint and safety constraint and so on. Finally, the battery swap station service quality, land price and charging mode on this planning are analyzed through examples, and the effectiveness of the planning method in this paper is verified.